Nagaland enjoys a natural advantage for horticulture with possibilities for growing a diversified basket of fruits, vegetables, flowers, plantation crops, spices, tuber crops, and mushrooms due to its varied agro-climatic conditions. Its horticulture sector plays an important role by being an important source of livelihood for a substantial portion of the population of the state. The horticulture department, which was earlier only a wing of the agriculture department was created recognising the immense potential of the sector. The department offers various schemes and programmes under the State Horticulture Nursery (SHN), the North East Council (NEC), and the Coconut Development Board (CDB) apart from centrally sponsored schemes. The Dimapur district in Nagaland is well-known for its pineapples.
The farmers of the villages in this district have scripted a success story as the adjoining areas have been conglomerated into the ‘Molsang Organic Pineapples Producer Company Ltd.’ by the horticulture department under the MOVCD-NER Scheme in 2018. During 2019-20, the company earned `20,27,250 from the sale of 296750 kg of pineapples. The Chungtia village is also reaping tremendous benefits by cultivating the Naga Sweet Cucumber. This venture was also done with assistance from the horticulture department and the group earned `570000 from the sale of 27 tonnes of Naga Sweet Cucumber. Various other initiatives like these have helped the state horticulture department to script a success story for Nagaland.