Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus. It has been declared as a global pandemic in World Health Organisation (WHO). According to WHO website, “Most people infected with the COVID-19 virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more likely to develop serious illness.” Currently, there are no specific vaccines or treatments for COVID-19. However, there are many ongoing clinical trials evaluating potential treatments.
The first case of this disease was reported at Wuhan in China. Many countries including Italy, Spain, USA and UK have been suffering adversely due to this disease. India is also badly affected and has been in a state of lockdown since March 25, 2020 to reduce the spread of the disease. Experts have charted out certain precautionary measures for general public to combat Covid-19. They are as follows:
Wash your hands frequently - Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water.
Why? - Washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand rub kills viruses that may be on your hands.
Maintain social distancing - Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.
Why? - When someone coughs or sneezes, one sprays small liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which may contain virus. If you are too close, you can breathe in the droplets, including the COVID-19 virus if the person is infected.
Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth
Why? - Hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. Once contaminated, hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth making you sick.
Practice respiratory hygiene - Make sure to follow good respiratory hygiene by covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue while coughing or sneezing. Then dispose of the used tissue immediately.
Why? - Droplets spread virus. By following good respiratory hygiene, you protect the people around you from viruses such as cold, flu and COVID-19.
If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early - If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention and call in advance. Follow the directions of your local health authority.
Why? - National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on the situation in your area. Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This will also protect you and help prevent spread of viruses and other infections.
Wear a cloth mask when you go out in public
Why? - Masks won’t protect someone from getting sick, but they can help prevent the spread of the disease by those with the virus.